Managing Open Innovation
Last updated August 4, 2004

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Ashish Arora

Associate Professor of Economics and Public Policy
Heinz School of Public Policy and Management
Carnegie-Mellon University

Dr. Arora has done research on the economics of technological change, management of technology, intellectual property rights, and technology licensing. His research has also examined the development of the Indian software industry and its links to the U.S.

His interest in open innovation is the division of inventive labor, and the determinants of markets for technology. He is also interested in the efficiency of licensing contracts and the conditions under which licensing is a profitable strategy


Henry Chesbrough

Visting Assistant Professor, Haas School of Business
Executive Director, Center for Technology Management
University of California, Berkeley

Dr. Chesbrough does research on managing technology and innovation, including the spinoff and commercialization strategies of research labs such as Bell Labs and Xerox PARC. He has also studied the industry dynamics of the global disk drive industry.

His book Open Innovation proposes open innovation as a new paradigm for organizing and managing R&D. He is interested in how firms combine the use of external and internal sources of technologies, and markets them internal and external paths. He has also written about open innovation for Sloan Management Review, Research-Technology Management, and Intel Technical Journal.


Jens FrÝslev Christensen

Copenhagen Business School

Dr. Christensen has done research on the interplay between corporate strategy and the mode of managing innovation and technology, and on the dynamics of industries (including industry convergence) with particular attention to the increasing division of labor and coordination requirements between vertical specializors and system designers and integrators in such industries as Internet services and consumer electronics.

He is interested in how tendencies towards vertical disintegration and increasingly open innovation challenge well-established theories of economic organization, strategy and the sources of competitive advantage. Can these theories still provide us with actionable knowledge in this new competitive environment? These issues are reflected in his research on Internet services, information security and the ongoing transformation of consumer electronics.


Kwanghui Lim

Assistant Professor
NUS Business School
National University of Singapore

Dr. Lim has done research on the relationship of science to technological innovation and commercialization of innovation, including how high technology firms manage external knowledge.

He is interested in how open innovation relates to such commercialization, specifically how firms draw upon open systems, as well as the motivation of these firms to contribute to such systems. He has studied the difference in how basic research relates to innovation in the pharmaceutical and semiconductor industries. Dr. Lim is currently working with David Hsu to investigate the role of intellectual property in open source software development, to explain how different software licenses shape the motivation of software developers.


Markku Maula

Senior Researcher
Institute of Strategy and International Business
Helsinki University of Technology

Dr. Maula has done research on corporate venturing and venture capital with a particular focus on the complementary roles and collaborative venturing modes of incumbents and start-ups in the creation and commercialization of new innovations.

His interest in open innovation is related to the incumbents’ use of various external corporate venturing tools to facilitate learning and to shape the industry development. In a series of research projects, he and his colleagues have found that in particular in industries characterized by systemic innovations, companies are increasingly dependent on complementary innovators and need new tools to manage their dependencies of their business environment by creating foresight and shaping the development of their industries over different over different time horizons.


Gina Colarelli O’Connor

Associate Professor, Lally School of Management and Technology
Academic Director, Radical Innovation Project
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Dr. O’Connor focuses her teaching and research on how large established firms link advanced technology development to market opportunities, and how they create new markets. She has published more than 25 articles in refereed journals and is co-author of the book Radical Innovation: How Mature Firms Can Outsmart Upstarts .

Her research on Radical Innovation in large established companies has given her the opportunity to work with middle and senior level R&D executives who struggle with issues of open innovation daily. She is currently working on a three year study focusing on how large established companies are building management systems for radical innovation, and is observing firm’s orientation towards open innovation in this context.


Wim Vanhaverbeke

Department of Business Studies, Limburg University Center
Department of Technology Management, Eindhoven University of Technology

Dr. Vanhaverbeke has done research on the absorption of externally developed technology. His team is studying the tension between broadening vs. deepening technological capabilities and managing lead user relations for “technology push” innovations. The team is also studying the links between corporate entrepreneurship and corporate strategy, and the use of external technology acquisition to support such entrepreneurship.

His interest in open innovation relates to the new routines companies develop to absorb externally developed technology in a rapidly changing environment, either to strengthen current businesses or to develop new ones. Open innovation offers also the possibility to link different literature streams that remain unconnected: examples are the “Metanational” concept in international management; alliance network literature and the relational view on the firm; and a process view and corporate strategy formation.


Joel West

Associate Professor, College of Business
Research Director, Silicon Valley Open Source Research Project
San José State University

Dr. West has done research on technology adoption and production strategies, with a particular focus on the role of product compatibility standards.

He is interested in two different open innovation strategies used by proprietary I.T. companies: open source and open standards. He is studying both the open source strategies of proprietary I.T. firms, and the adoption of open source software by organizational MIS departments. For open standards, he is researching various dimensions of openness and their implications for coopetition among I.T. firms.